The primary role of a Cyber Security Technologist is to apply an understanding of cyber threats, hazards, risks, controls, measures and mitigations to protect organisations systems and people.
Whether focus is technical OR risk analysis, all individuals will work to achieve required security outcomes in a legal and regulatory context. All will develop and apply practical knowledge of information security to deliver solutions that fulfil an organisation’s requirements.
- Security Architect Governance & Compliance Analyst
- Security Analyst
- Information Security Assurance & Threat Analyst
- Cyber Operations Manager
- Penetration Tester
- Risk Analyst
- Intelligence Researcher
- Security Sales Engineer
- Cyber Security Specialist
- Information Security Analyst
- Forensics & Incident Response Analyst
- Security Engineer
- Information Security Auditor
- Security Administrator
- Information Security Officer
Technical Competencies and Technical Knowledge and Understanding
ALL apprentices will cover the following:
Threats, hazards, risks and intelligence
- Discover (through a mix of research and practical exploration) vulnerabilities in a system
- Analyse and evaluate security threats and hazards to a system or service or processes. Be aware of and demonstrate use of relevant external sources of threat intelligence or advice (e.g. CERT UK). Combine different sources to create an enriched view.
- Research and investigate some common attack techniques and recommend how to defend against them. Be aware of and demonstrate use of relevant external sources of vulnerabilities (e.g. OWASP)
- Undertake a security risk assessment for a simple system without direct supervision and propose basic remediation advice in the context of the employer.
Developing and using a security case
- Source and analyse a security case (e.g. a Common Criteria Protection Profile for a security component) and describe what threats, vulnerability or risks are mitigated and identify any residual areas of concern.
- Develop a simple security case without supervision. (A security case should describe the security objectives, threats, and for every identified attack technique identify mitigation or security controls that could include technical, implementation, policy or process).
- Identify and follow organisational policies and standards for information and cyber security.
- Operate according to service level agreements or employer defined performance targets. Future Trends
- Investigate different views of the future (using more than one external source) and trends in a relevant technology area and describe what this might mean for your business, with supporting reasoning.
Technical Knowledge and Understanding
Understands the basics of cyber security including:
- Why cyber security matters – the importance to business and society
- Basic theory – concepts such as security, identity, confidentiality, integrity, availability, threat, vulnerability, risk and hazard. Also how these relate to each other and lead to risk and harm
- Security assurance – concepts (can explain what assurance is for in security, and ‘trustworthy’ versus ‘trusted’) and how assurance may be achieved in practice (can explain what penetration testing is and how it contributes to assurance; and extrinsic assurance methods)
- How to build a security case – deriving security objectives with reasoned justification in a representative business scenario
- Cyber security concepts applied to ICT infrastructure – can describe the fundamental building blocks and typical architectures and identify some common vulnerabilities in networks and systems.
- Attack techniques and sources of threat – can describe the main types of common attack techniques; also the role of human behaviour. Explain how attack techniques combine with motive and opportunity to become a threat.
- Cyber defence – describe ways to defend against attack techniques
- Relevant laws and ethics – describe security standards, regulations and their consequences across at least two sectors; the role of criminal and other law; key relevant features of UK and international law
- The existing threat landscape – can describe and know how to apply relevant techniques for horizon scanning including use of recognised sources of threat intelligence
- Threat trends – can describe the significance of identified trends in cyber security and understand the value and risk of this analysis
In addition to the core, all apprentices will do ONE of the following specialisms:
Option 1: Technologist
Design build & test a network (“Build a network”)
- Design, build, test and troubleshoot a network incorporating more than one subnet with static and dynamic routes, that includes servers, hubs, switches, routers and user devices to a given design requirement without supervision. Provide evidence that the system meets the design requirement.
Analysing a security case (“Make the security case”)
- Analyse security requirements (functional and non-functional security requirements that may be presented in a security case) against other design requirements (e.g. usability, cost, size, weight, power, heat, supportability etc.), given for a given system or product. Identify conflicting requirements and propose, with reasoning, resolution through appropriate trade-offs.
Structured and reasoned implementation of security in a network (“Build a secure network”)
- Design and build a simple system in accordance with a simple security case. Provide evidence that the system has properly implemented the security controls required by the security case. The system could be either at the enterprise, network or application layer.
- Select and configure relevant types of common security hardware and software components to implement a given security policy.
- Design a system employing a crypto to meet defined security objectives. Develop and implement a key management plan for the given scenario/system.
Technical Knowledge and Understanding
- Understands the basics of networks: data, protocols and how they relate to each other; the main routing protocols; the main factors affecting network performance including typical failure modes in protocols and approaches to error control.
- Understands, at a deeper level than from Knowledge Module 1, how to build a security case: describe what good practice in design is; describe common security architectures; be aware of reputable security architectures that incorporates hardware and software components, and sources of architecture patterns and guidance. Understand how to build a security case including context, threats, justifying the selected mitigations and security controls with reasoning and recognising the dynamic and adaptable nature of threats.
- Understands how cyber security technology components are typically deployed in networks and systems to provide security functionality including: hardware and software
- Understands the basics of cryptography – can describe the main techniques, the significance of key management, appreciate the legal issues
Option 2: Risk Analyst
Cyber security risk assessment
- Conduct a cyber-risk assessment against an externally (market) recognised cyber security standard using a recognised risk assessment methodology.
- Identify threats relevant to a specific organisation and/or sector. Information security policy and process
- Develop an information security policy or process to address an identified risk.
- Develop an information security policy within a defined scope to take account of a minimum of 1 law or regulation relevant to cyber security.
Audit and assurance
- Take an active part in a security audit against a recognised cyber security standard, undertake a gap analysis and make recommendations for remediation.
Incident response and business continuity
- Develop an incident response plan for approval (within an organisations governance arrangements for incident response).
- Develop a business continuity plan for approval (within an organisations governance arrangements for business continuity).
Cyber security culture in an organisation
- Assess security culture using a recognised approach.
- Design and implement a simple ‘security awareness’ campaign to address a specific aspect of a security culture.
Technical Knowledge and Understanding
Functional Skills at Level 2 in both English and Maths will need to be attained as part of the Level 4 Apprenticeship. GCSE Grade 4 (C) in these subjects will be accepted as an exemption of this requirement, subject to production of copied certificates. If a Level 2 in either of these subjects is not held, GK Apprenticeships have dedicated tutors who will support this attainment.
This apprenticeship is recognised for entry to both CIISec, and BCS Associate Membership and for entry onto the Register of IT Technicians confirming SFIA Level 3 Professional Competence. Those completing the apprenticeship are eligible to apply for registration.